Foxes are small- to medium-sized omnivorous mammals. They are slightly smaller than a medium-sized dog, with a flattened skull, triangular face and pointy ears, a pointed, slightly upturned snout, and a long bushy tail. Foxes live on every continent except Antarctica, and by far, the most common and widespread species is the red fox.
The red fox normally weighs between 9 and 19 pounds. Red foxes have a typical auburn pelt, the tail normally ending with white markings. A fox’s coat color and texture may very due to the change in seasons; fox pelts are richer and denser in the colder months and lighter in the warmer months.
In the wild, the typical lifespan of a fox is one to three years, although individuals may live up to ten years. Typically, foxes live in small family groups.
A fox’s diet consists of insects, small reptiles and birds, and can include eggs and plants. Most species are predators. Foxes store excess food, burying it for later consumption, usually under leaves, snow, or soil. They tend to use a pouncing technique where they crouch down to camouflage themselves in the terrain, then using their hind legs, leap up with great force to land on top of their targeted prey.
Foxes are often considered pests or nuisance creatures for their opportunistic attacks on poultry and other small livestock. Fox attacks on humans are not common.